3 edition of Repellents reduce deer browsing on ponderosa pine seedlings found in the catalog.
Repellents reduce deer browsing on ponderosa pine seedlings
Richard S. Driscoll
by Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Portland, Or
Written in English
|Statement||by Richard S. Driscoll.|
|Series||U.S. Forest Service research note PNW -- 5.|
|Contributions||Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (Portland, Or.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||8 p. :|
Just visited after winter and confirmed am reminded that I need to "protect" a significant number of very nice young Norway (Red) and White pine + year young trees. I have made a hobby of transplanting and nurturing Norway seedlings for 40 years and learned the hard way that the deer love the new growth. Deer are most likely to invade areas inhabited by humans when their normal food supplies are diminished. But you can keep deer from decimating your trees and shrubs with a combination of repellents that deter deer. Though no repellent is completely effective, a combination of repellents will help to keep deer away.
A Recommended List of Deer - Resistant Plants Many citizens have been asking the Town about deer-resistant plants that they can use in their landscaping. The following list represents plants that deer and rabbits usually will not eat. As theseFile Size: KB. Deer mice (Peromyscus nranicufutus) avoided seeds treated with a mixture of capsicum and thiram. We conclude that the capsicum and thiram mixture should be pursued as a potential repellent to protect longleaf pine seeds from animal predation when these seeds are used in direct seeding efforts to establish southern pine forests.
The location was a 5 acre upland area near Smith Lakes with a very high concentration of deer. The location has had a history of browse even when trees have been protected with bud caps. The trial was comprised of two year old White Pine split into two blocks. Block #1 consisted of White Pine that were bud capped in the fall of Repellent-Powder® (BGR-P) and garlic in inhibiting browsing by black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus) on western redcedar (Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don.). Seedlings were examined for browsing damage at 24 and 48 hours after treatment and then at 1week intervals for 10 weeks. Seedlings treated with BGR-P.
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A study tested the effectiveness of three chemical foliar repellents (ZAC, TMTD, copper omadine) for reducing deer browsing on planted ponderosa pine seedlings. Repellents offer a plausible approach to inhibit browsing. The efficacy of Big Game Repellent-Powder (BGR), Deer Stopper (DST), Plantskydd (PLA) and ECX95BY (ECX) to deter black-tailed deer (Odocoileus hemionus columbianus) browsing of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), Douglas-fir (Pseudotsugamenziesii) and western red cedar (Thuja plicata) seedlings Cited by: Jack pine seedlings were treated with five commercial repellents in fall and then evaluated for deer browse the following spring.
All the repellents tested reduced deer browse damage relative to the control trees. Similar to the USDA study, the fear-inducing repellents, such as Plantskydd and Deer Off, generally performed the Size: KB. Repellents reduce deer browsing on ponderosa pine seedlings / By Richard S.
Driscoll and Or.) Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station (Portland. Look in hardware stores in areas where deer frequently eat ornamentals and the number of repellents on the shelf can be amazing. Experiment and ask around in your local area to find out what works.
Alternative forage: Another technique to reduce big game damage to seedlings is to provide a preferred alternate food source nearby. An Oregon experiment placed preferred forage near planted stock, and found this technique reduced damage to planted seedlings. Repellents discourage deer feeding by having an offensive taste, odor, or a com-bination of the two.
Repellents gener-ally are not continuously effective, and a repellent that works in one location may not work in another. Repellents are gen-Fact Sheet 12 Using Commercial Deer Repellents to Manage Deer Browsing in the Landscape by Doug.
Protecting Tree Seedlings From Deer, Rabbits and Rodents blood meal, and paper stapled to terminal buds on pine trees. Many of these repellants are used to try to control deer browse on trees after they get to large to be protected by tree tubes.
I have tried all of them on white pine plantings, which are a favorite deer. Browse damage contributed to the high mortality of white pine seedlings at two study sites in Minnesota (Katovich et al., ).
Four-year survival of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) protected from browsing in rigid mesh tubes was 94% compared with 44% for unprotected seedlings (Anthony, ).Cited by: Nibbles young stems emerging from tube protectors and chemical repellents.
The more stressed the deer, the more vulnerable the plant. Extreme cold and deep snow restricts the movement of deer thereby intensifying the pressure on seedlings and saplings in a Size: KB. The ponderosa Pine and Bunchgrass zones are particularily important for early spring range for cattle.
Most flat areas are irrigated for the production of hay. In the Okanagan Valley, irrigation also makes orchards and vineyards possible in some areas. Much of the Ponderosa Pine Zone occupies slopes that are too steep for agricultural Size: 1MB. Protecting Your Seedlings from Deer and Rabbits Deer and Rabbits are a king size headache for nurserymen, golf courses, and homeowners.
Both animals will browse through your tree plantings like a shopper at Wal-Mart, stopping to take a little taste of each plant until he finds one he Size: KB. DEVICES TO PROTECT SEEDLINGS FROM DEER BROWSING —DAVID A. MARQUIS Principal Research Silviculturist Northeastern Forest Experiment Station Warren, Pa.
Abstract.—Studies on the Allegheny Plateau of Pennsylvania have shown that several types of wire or plastic tubes can be erected around tree seedlings to protect them from deer browsing. reach of deer. But this may vary with species. Red pine tends to lose palatability for deer earlier and doesn’t need capping as long as white pine.
• If bids are taken for this work, it should be on a per tree or per acre basis. • About bud caps can File Size: KB.
Deer Repellent Trials on Jack Pine Seedlings at Brule River State Forest by David Harbec, former Asst. Nursery Manager at Hayward State Nursery Overview Two-year old jack pine seedlings planted at Brule River State Forest in the spring of were treated with 6 different retail deer repellents in the fall of and again in the fall of.
Many of the trees and shrubs planted in North Dakota are damaged to varying degrees by deer. Browsing or buck rubbing can severely injure, deform, or kill the plants. Impacts of deer browsing vary considerably from one location to another. The severity of browsing is affected by surrounding habitat, the number of deer, and the presence of alternate.
The method used most extensively in Europe to prevent damage due to browsing of woody plants consists of shelter pipes made of plastic material or net. This system, however, is not practical for plants such as olive trees where it is desirable for the branches to develop more than the trunk.
For this reason, in an area with a high deer (Dama dama) population, three liquid repellents Cited by: A repellent to reduce mouse damage to longleaf pine seed. Direct seeding is a potential method for reforestation of pines on many southern sites.
The success of direct seeding, however, depends, at least in part, in reducing seed predation by birds and rodents. T aylor, J immy, "Evaluating SeaDust Wildlife Controllant™ as a Repellent to Reduce Deer B rowse on Douglas-=r Seedlings" (). USDA National Wil dlife Research Center.
Browsing deer inflict significant damage to young pine trees. During the winter months, when snow covers low-growing shrubs and grasses, deer will munch on the tender branches, twigs and foliage of resinous evergreen trees.
During the fall mating season, male deer. Wintering deer and elk can cause extensive browsing damage to forest plantations. This study was undertaken to identify the cost-effectiveness of two repellents (Plantskydd and Deer-Away BGR Liquid) and Vexar bud caps in reducing browse damage to conifer seedlings.
Evaluating SeaDust Wildlife Controllant™ as a Repellent to Reduce Deer Browse on Douglas-fir Seedlings. Jimmy Taylor. USDA APHIS National Wildlife Research Center, Oregon Field Station, Corvallis, Oregon. ABSTRACT: Herbivory by black-tailed deer affects growth form and survival of conifer seedlings in western Oregon and.To reduce mule deer damage to landscape trees and shrubs, you need to physically exclude them from individual plants or entire landscapes, use unpalatable plants in your yard or garden, or temporarily protect plants with deer repellents.
Fencing. Fences provide the most reliable method for controlling deer damage.ponderosa pine. Trees are stable and generally wind-firm with little danger of top breakage. Wildlife: While deer, elk and mountain sheep do not eat the needles unless other browse species are totally absent, they do feed on the understory species.
The seeds of ponderosa pine are choice food of red-winged blackbirds, chickadees, mourning doves,File Size: 49KB.